With the rate of technology disruption increasing at an alarming rate, educational methods must be updated.

Today’s children are prepared for a technology future, and teachers should impart the skills required to live in this modern world in secure learning spaces such as classrooms. Serious games have evolved as a potent tool for teaching in a variety of subjects, from humanities to STEM and everything in between, in recent years. The notion of pedagogy in games, which investigates how learning theories and game mechanics might complement one other to provide practical learning experiences, is at the center of this movement.

Game-based learning has emerged as an effective educational strategy for engaging students and improving their knowledge and abilities. It may teach pupils important life skills like as critical thinking, pattern detection, and communication, all of which are required to thrive in today’s world.

This blog delves into the topic of pedagogy in games, which is combining learning theories and game mechanics to create successful instructional games. We talk about the many sorts of learning theories and how games may fit into them, as well as the frameworks that games utilize to attain learning goals. This article investigates the advantages of bringing games into the classroom and looks at success stories from real classrooms.

What is Pedagogy in Games?

Pedagogy is a phrase that encompasses both the art and science of teaching. To produce engaging and compelling learning experiences, pedagogy in the context of game-based learning entails merging the concepts of successful teaching and learning with the distinctive aspects of games, such as interactive narrative, problem-solving challenges, and immersive worlds.

Many advantages may be gained through game development pedagogy, such as the capacity to construct a formal framework that allows for the design of successful learning systems. Game developers may design games that engage, entertain, and successfully teach new concepts and abilities by using pedagogical principles. Because players’ actions and answers can be observed and analyzed, games offer a unique opportunity for evaluating and confirming the effectiveness of learning content.

Example of game-based learning in the classroom. My Infinity Games

Game-based learning is increasingly being used in schools to improve students’ learning experiences. 74% of instructors utilize digital game-based learning to improve learning. Games help students to actively engage in the learning process and remember information more successfully since they are interactive and entertaining. Educational games have become significantly more accessible as a result of the advancement of digital technology, making them an appealing alternative for schools and instructors.

How Learning Theories and Game Mechanics Complement Each Other

The combination of learning theories and game mechanics is at the heart of game pedagogy. Learning theories help us understand how people learn, whereas game mechanics help us develop interesting and rewarding experiences.

The design of educational games can be influenced by a variety of learning theories. Behaviorist theories, for example, emphasize the role of reinforcement and feedback in learning, whereas cognitive theories concentrate on how learners create and organize information. Constructivist ideas, on the other hand, emphasize the significance of problem-solving and active learning. I’ll go through these in further depth below!

Gaming mechanics serve as a foundation for creating compelling and rewarding gaming experiences. They contain challenges, feedback, exploration, and rewards, all of which are intended to keep players interested and motivated. We can create exciting and informative experiences by incorporating these game principles into the design of educational games, assisting learners in remaining interested and motivated as they work towards their learning objectives.

Game-based learning theory framework. My Infinity Games

Types of Learning Theories and How Games Can Integrate Them

The design of educational games can be influenced by a variety of learning theories. Among the most widely used hypotheses are:

Behaviourist theories

Behaviourism is a learning theory that emphasizes the importance of reward in behavior modification.

Behaviorism may be linked into game-based learning through incentive systems such as points, badges, or other in-game benefits that incentivize learners to engage with the learning content.
A math game, for example, awards points to players for properly answering questions or completing challenges within a certain time limit.

Cognitive theories

Cognitivism emphasizes the significance of mental processes in learning, such as memory, attention, and problem-solving.

  • Games that encourage learners to think critically, solve issues, and make decisions based on information offered in the game can be used to incorporate cognitivism.
  • For example, a history game that challenges players to make decisions based on historical events and knowledge and then displays the game’s results.

Constructivist theories

This learning paradigm emphasizes learners’ active engagement in building their understanding of the world around them.

  • Constructivism may be integrated through open-ended games and exploration, which allows students to experiment with multiple solutions and develop their comprehension of the learning content.
  • A sandbox-style science game that allows players to explore and experiment with various scientific ideas, such as biology or physics, is an example of this.

Connectivist theories

Connectivism is a learning philosophy that emphasizes the role of technology and networks in making learning possible.

  • This may be integrated into game-based learning through multiplayer games, social features, and online communities that allow learners to interact and contribute in learning.
  • A language-learning game with social elements such as chat rooms, forums, or multiplayer challenges, for example, allows learners to practice speaking and writing with other learners.

Frameworks Used in Games to Achieve Learning


Game designers frequently employ a variety of frameworks and methodologies to attain learning goals through game-based learning. Frameworks that are regularly used include:

Serious Games Framework

This framework is intended to assist game designers in creating games that are not only entertaining but also informative. It emphasizes the significance of connecting game mechanics with learning objectives and offering chances for players to reflect on their learning.More information regarding serious games may be found on our other blog.

Game-based Learning Design Framework

This framework is intended to assist game creators in creating useful game-based learning experiences. It emphasizes the significance of matching game mechanics to learning objectives and offering chances for players to practice and apply acquired skills and knowledge.

Situated Learning Framework

This approach is intended to assist game designers in creating games for genuine learning environments. It emphasizes the necessity of giving players opportunity to participate in authentic tasks.

«FLOW» framework

This emphasizes the significance of instilling a state of «flow» in players, when they are totally engrossed in the game and feel a sense of control and mastery. The «FLOW» paradigm emphasizes the significance of designing obstacles that are suitably suited to the skills of the players, delivering clear feedback on progress, and fostering a sense of engagement and enjoyment in the game.

Example of a game mechanic theory and how it ties into learning. My Infinity Games

There are many additional techniques to building learning games outside these frameworks, such as problem-based, inquiry-based, and project-based learning.Each strategy has distinct advantages and may be utilized to develop engaging games for a variety of learning objectives and student demographics. Our game development company is the best partner in any game field!